Kun ku = hon hu may be a transcription of hwang heu during the Mongol
Period, according to Pelliot.
IX. p. 360.
MONGOL IMPERIAL FAMILY.
"Marco Polo is correct in a way when he says Kublai was the sixth Emperor,
for his father Tu li is counted as a Divus (Jwei Tsung), though he never
reigned; just as his son Chin kin (Yue Tsung) is also so counted, and under
similar conditions. Chin kin was appointed to the chung shu and
shu-mih departments in 1263. He was entrusted with extensive powers in
1279, when he is described as 'heir apparent.' In 1284 Yuen Nan,
Chagan-jang, etc., were placed under his direction. His death is recorded
in 1285. Another son, Numugan, was made Prince of the Peking region
(Peh-p'ing) in 1266, and the next year a third son, Hukaji, was sent to
take charge of Ta-li, Chagan-jang, Zardandan, etc. In 1272 Kublai's son,
Mangalai, was made Prince of An-si, with part of Shen Si as his appanage.
One more son, named Ai-ya-ch'ih, is mentioned in 1284, and in that year yet
another, Tu kan, was made Prince of Chen-nan, and sent on an expedition
against Ciampa. In 1285 Essen Temur, who had received a chung-shu post in
1283, is spoken of as Prince of Yuen Nan, and is stated to be engaged in
Kara-jang; in 1286 he is still there, and is styled 'son of the Emperor.' I
do not observe in the Annals that Hukaji ever bore the title of Prince of
Yuen Nan, or, indeed, any princely title.
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