Kwa Chau (Caiju), Formerly At The Head Of The Grand Canal On The
Kiang, Was Destroyed By The Erosions Of The River.
LXV., p. 148 n.
Instead of Kotan, note 1, read Kitan. "The ceremony of leading a sheep
was insisted on in 926, when the Tungusic-Corean King of Puh-hai (or
Manchuria) surrendered, and again in 946, when the puppet Chinese Emperor
of the Tsin Dynasty gave in his submission to the Kitans." (E.H. PARKER,
As. Quart. Rev., January, 1904, p. 140.)
LXV., p. 149.
It is interesting to note that the spoils of Lin Ngan carried to Khan
Balig were the beginning of the Imperial Library, increased by the
documents of the Yuen, the Ming, and finally the Ts'ing; it is noteworthy
that during the rebellion of Li Tze-ch'eng, the library was spared, though
part of the palace was burnt. See N. PERI, Bul. Ecole franc. Ext.
Orient, Jan.-June, 1911, p. 190.
LXVIII., p. 154 n.
Regarding Kingsmill's note, Mr. John C. Ferguson writes in the Journal
North China Branch Roy. As. Soc., XXXVII., 1906, p. 190: "It is evident
that Tiju and Yanju have been correctly identified as Taichow and
Yangchow. I cannot agree with Mr. Kingsmill, however, in identifying Tinju
as Ichin-hien on the Great River. It is not probable that Polo would
mention Ichin twice, once before reaching Yangchow and once after
describing Yangchow. I am inclined to believe that Tinju is Hsien-nue-miao
[Chinese], a large market-place which has close connection both with
Taichow and Yangchow. It is also an important place for the collection of
the revenue on salt, as Polo notices. This identification of Tinju with
Hsien-nue-miao would clear up any uncertainty as to Polo's journey, and
would make a natural route for Polo to take from Kao yu to Yangchow if he
wished to see an important place between these two cities."
LXVIII., p. 154.
In a text of the Yuen tien chang, dated 1317, found by Prof. Pelliot,
mention is made of a certain Ngao-la-han [Abraham?] still alive at Yang
chau, who was, according to the text, the son of the founder of the
Church of the Cross of the arkaeguen (Ye-li-k'o-wen she-tze-sze), one of
the three Nestorian churches of Yang-chau mentioned by Odoric and omitted
by Marco Polo. Cf. Cathay, II., p. 210, and PELLIOT, T'oung Pao, 1914,
LXX., p. 167.
SIEGE OF SAIANFU.
Prof. E.H. PARKER writes in the Journ. of the North China Branch of the
Roy. As. Soc., XXXVII., 1906, p. 195: "Colonel Yule's note requires some
amendment, and he has evidently been misled by the French translations.
The two Mussulmans who assisted Kublai with guns were not 'A-la-wa-ting of
Mu-fa-li and Ysemain of Huli or Hiulie,' but A-la-pu-tan of Mao-sa-li and
Y-sz-ma-yin of Shih-la. Shih-la is Shiraz, the Serazy of Marco Polo, and
Mao-sa-li is Mosul. Bretschneider cites the facts in his Mediaeval Notes,
and seems to have used another edition, giving the names as A-lao-wa-ting
of Mu-fa-li and Y-sz-ma-yin of Hue-lieh; but even he points out that
Hulagu is meant, i.e. 'a man from Hulagu's country.'"
LXX., p. 169.
"Captain Gill's testimony as to the ancient 'guns' used by the Chinese is,
of course (as, in fact, he himself states), second-hand and hearsay. In
Vol. XXIV. of the China Review I have given the name and date of a
General who used p'ao so far back as the seventh century." (E.H. PARKER,
Asiatic Quart. Rev., Jan., 1904, pp. 146-7.)
LXXIV., p. 179 n.
According to the Yuen Shi and Deveria, Journ. Asiat., Nov.-Dec., 1896,
432, in 1229 and 1241, when Okkodai's army reached the country of the Aas
(Alans), their chief submitted at once and a body of one thousand Alans
were kept for the private guard of the Great Khan; Mangu enlisted in his
bodyguard half the troops of the Alan Prince, Arslan, whose younger son
Nicholas took a part in the expedition of the Mongols against Karajang (Yun
Nan). This Alan imperial guard was still in existence in 1272, 1286, and
1309, and it was divided into two corps with headquarters in the Ling pei
province (Karakorum). See also Bretschneider, Mediaeval Researches, II.,
The massacre of a body of Christian Alans related by Marco Polo (II., p.
178) is confirmed by Chinese sources.
LXXIV., p. 180, n. 3.
See Notes in new edition of Cathay and the Way thither, III., pp. 179
The massacre of the Alans took place, according to Chinese sources, at
Chen-ch'ao, not at Ch'ang chau. The Sung general who was in charge of the
city, Hung Fu, after making a faint submission, got the Alans drunk at
night and had them slaughtered. Cf. PELLIOT, Chretiens d'Asie centrale et
d'Extreme-Orient, T'oung Pao, Dec., 1914, p. 641.
LXXVI., pp. 184-5.
VUJU, VUGHIN, CHANGAN.
The Rev. A.C. Moule has given in the T'oung Pao, July, 1915, pp. 393
seq., the Itinerary between Lin Ngan (Hang Chau) and Shang Tu, followed by
the Sung Dynasty officials who accompanied their Empress Dowager to the
Court of Kublai after the fall of Hang Chau in 1276; the diary was written
by Yen Kwang-ta, a native of Shao King, who was attached to the party.
The Rev. A.C. Moule in his notes writes, p. 411: "The connexion between
Hu-chou and Hang-chou is very intimate, and the north suburb of the
latter, the Hu-shu, was known in Marco Polo's day as the Hu-chou shih. The
identification of Vughin with Wu-chiang is fairly satisfactory, but it is
perhaps worth while to point out that there is a place called Wu chen
about fifty li north of Shih-men; and for Ciangan there is a tempting
place called Ch'ang-an chen just south of Shih-men on a canal which was
often preferred to the T'ang-hsi route until the introduction of steam
LXXVI., p. 192.
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