"A faire unicorne's horn, sent by a K. of Persia, about 7 foote
long." Diary, 1643, 12th Nov. - H.C.]
What the Traveller says of the animals' love of mire and mud is well
illustrated by the manner in which the Semangs or Negritoes of the Malay
Peninsula are said to destroy him: "This animal ... is found frequently
in marshy places, with its whole body immersed in the mud, and part of the
head only visible.... Upon the dry weather setting in ... the mud
becomes hard and crusted, and the rhinoceros cannot effect his escape
without considerable difficulty and exertion. The Semangs prepare
themselves with large quantities of combustible materials, with which they
quietly approach the animal, who is aroused from his reverie by an immense
fire over him, which being kept well supplied by the Semangs with fresh
fuel, soon completes his destruction, and renders him in a fit state to
make a meal of." (J. Ind. Arch. IV. 426.) There is a great difference
in aspect between the one-horned species (Rh. Sondaicus and Rh.
Indicus) and the two-horned. The Malays express what that difference is
admirably, in calling the last Badak-Karbau, "the Buffalo-Rhinoceros,"
and the Sondaicus Badak-Gajah, "the Elephant-Rhinoceros."
The belief in the formidable nature of the tongue of the rhinoceros is
very old and wide-spread, though I can find no foundation for it but the
rough appearance of the organ.