FORMING A COMPLETE HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND PROGRESS OF NAVIGATION,
DISCOVERY, AND COMMERCE, BY SEA AND LAND, FROM THE EARLIEST AGES TO THE
ROBERT KERR, F.R.S. & F.A.S. EDIN.
ILLUSTRATED BY MAPS AND CHARTS.
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, EDINBURGH:
AND T. CADELL, LONDON.
CONTENTS OF VOL. II.
PART. I. - (Continued.)
XX. Account of various early Pilgrimages from England to the Holy Land,
between the years 1097, and 1107.
XXI. Discovery of Madeira
XXII. Account of the Discovery and Conquest of the Canary Islands
General Voyages and Travels, chiefly of Discovery; from the era of Don
Henry Prince of Portugal, in 1412, to that of George III. in 1760.
BOOK I. History of the Discoveries of the Portuguese along the Coast of
Africa, and of their Discovery of and Conquests in India, from 1412 to
[A] This title was omitted to be inserted in its proper
place, and may be supplied in writing on the blank page opposite to
page 23 of this volume.
I. Summary of the Discoveries of the World, from their first original, to
the year 1555, by Antonio Galvano
II. Journey of Ambrose Contarini, Ambassador from the Republic of Venice,
to Uzun-Hassan King of Persia, in the years 1473, 4, 5, and 6; written
III. Voyages of Discovery by the Portuguese along the Western Coast of
Africa, during the life, and under the direction of Don Henry
IV. Original Journals of the Voyages of Cada Mosto, and Pedro de Cintra,
to the Coast of Africa; the former in the years 1455 and 1406, and the
latter soon afterwards
V. Continuation of the Portuguese Discoveries along the Coast of Africa,
from the death of Don Henry in 1463, to the Discovery of the Cape of
Good Hope in 1486
VI. History of the Discovery and Conquest of India by the Portuguese,
between the years 1497 and 1505, from the original Portuguese of
Hernan Lopez de Castaneda
VII. Letters from Lisbon in the beginning of the Sixteenth Century,
respecting the then recent Discovery of the Route by Sea to India, and
the Indian trade
_Note_. In p. 292 of this volume, 1, 2 and 18, the date of 1525
ought to have been 1505.
A GENERAL HISTORY AND COLLECTION OF VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.
_Account of Various early Pilgrimages from England to the Holy Land;
between the years 1097 and 1107_.
The subsequent account of several English pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
 Hakluyt, I. p. 44. et sequ.
_The Voyage of Gutuere, or Godwera, an English Lady, towards the Holy
Land, about 1097._
While the Christian army, under Godfrey of Buillon, was marching through
Asia Minor from Iconium, in Lycaonia, by Heraclea, to Marasia, or
Maresch, Gutuere, or Godwera, the wife of Baldwin, the brother of the
Duke of Lorain, who had long laboured under heavy sickness, became so
extremely ill, that the army encamped on her account near Marash, for
three days, when she expired. This lady is said to have been of noble
English parentage, and was honourably interred at Antioch in Syria.
 Now Konieh, Erekli, and Marash; the two former in Karamania,
the latter in Syria or Room. - E.
 For this story, Hakluyt quotes Hist Bel. Sacr. lib. iii. c.
xvii. and Chron. Hierosol. lib. iii c. xxvii.
_The Voyage of Edgar Aethling to Jerusalem, in 1102_.
Edgar, commonly called Aethling, was son of Edward, the son of Edmond
Ironside, who was the brother of Edward the Confessor, to whom
consequently Edgar was nephew; Edgar travelled to Jerusalem in 1102, in
company with Robert, the son of Godwin, most valiant knight. Being
present in Rama, when King Baldwin was there besieged by the Turks, and
not being able to endure the hardships of the siege, he was delivered
from that danger, and escaped through the midst of the hostile camp,
chiefly through the aid of Robert; who, going before him, made a lane
with his sword, slaying numbers of the Turks in his heroic progress.
Towards the close of this chivalric enterprize, and becoming more fierce
and eager as he advanced, Robert unfortunately dropt his sword; and while
stooping to recover his weapon, he was oppressed by the multitude, who
threw themselves upon him, and made him prisoner. From thence, as some
say, Robert was carried to Babylon in Egypt, or Cairo; and refusing to
renounce his faith in CHRIST, he was tied to a stake in the market-place,
and transpierced with arrows. Edgar, having thus lost his valiant knight,
returned towards Europe, and was much honoured with many gifts by the
emperors both of Greece and Germany, both of whom would gladly have
retained him at their courts, on account of his high lineage; but he
despised all things, from regard to his native England, into which he
returned: And, having been subjected to many changes of fortune, as we
have elsewhere related, he _now_ spends his extreme old age in private
 Hakluyt. I. 44. W. Malmsb. III. 58.
_Some Circumstances respecting the Siege of Joppa, about the year_
In the second year of Baldwin, king of Jerusalem, Joppa was besieged by
the Turks of Cairo; and Baldwin embarked from the town of Assur, in a
vessel called a _buss_, commanded by one Goderic an English freebooter,
intending to proceed to the relief of the besieged. Fixing the royal
banner aloft on a spear, that it might be seen of the Christians, they
sailed boldly towards Joppa, with but a small company of armed men. The
king knew that the Christians in Joppa were almost hopeless of his life
and safety, and he feared they might shamefully abandon the defence of
the place, or be constrained to surrender, unless revived by his presence.
On perceiving the approach of the royal banner of King Baldwin, the naval
forces of the Turks, to the number of twenty gallies and thirteen ships,
usually called _Cazh_, endeavoured to surround and capture the single
vessel in which he was embarked.