FORMING A COMPLETE HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN AND PROGRESS OF NAVIGATION,
DISCOVERY, AND COMMERCE, BY SEA AND LAND, FROM THE EARLIEST AGES TO THE
ROBERT KERR, F.R.S. & F.A.S. EDIN.
ILLUSTRATED BY MAPS AND CHARTS.
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, EDINBURGH:
AND T. CADELL, LONDON.
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ADVERTISEMENT TO THE FOURTH VOLUME.
* * * * *
Twelve months have now elapsed since the first half volume of this work
was offered to the public. The favourable reception it has experienced
gives the Editor reason to hope that he has fulfilled the engagements
which he came under at its first appearance, and is a powerful inducement
to continue his utmost exertions to preserve and improve the character of
the work. In the four volumes which are now published, several extensive
and important original articles are introduced, which have not hitherto
appeared in any similar collection, and had not even been previously
translated into English. These materially contribute towards the ample
information which was formerly announced, in the Preface to the _first_
Volume, as a leading object in this Collection. In the subsequent parts of
the work, every effort shall be made to fill up its several divisions with
original articles of similar interest and equal importance.
Encouraged by a satisfactory and increasing sale, the progress of
publication has been somewhat hastened, beyond what was originally
promised in the Prospectus and Conditions; as the _whole_ of the fourth
Volume is now published, at the period when only its _first half_ was to
have appeared. It is intended to repeat this anticipation occasionally, by
the publication of two numbers or half-volumes at once, when opportunity
offers. While this may gratify one portion of our readers, it is not meant
to preclude others from continuing to be supplied, as before, with the
numbers or half volumes at regular intervals, in their own option.
EDINBURGH, _1st Jan_, 1812.
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CONTENTS OF VOL. IV.
PART II. BOOK II. CONTINUED.
CHAP. V. History of the discovery and conquest of Mexico, continued.
VI. The Spaniards commence their march to Mexico; with an account of the
war in Tlascala, and the submission of that nation.
VII. Events during the march of the Spaniards from Tlascala to Mexico.
VIII. Arrival of the Spaniards in Mexico, and transactions there till
the arrival of Narvaez to supersede Cortes.
IX. Expedition of Narvaez to supersede Cortes in the command, and
occurrences till his defeat by Cortes.
X. Occurrences from the defeat of Narvaez, to the expulsion of the
Spaniards from Mexico, and the subsequent battle of Otumba.
XI. Occurrences from the battle of Otumba, till the march of Cortes to
XII. Transactions of Cortes and the Spaniards, from their march against
Mexico, to the commencement of the siege of that city.
XIII. Narrative of occurrences, from the commencement of the siege of
Mexico to its reduction, and the capture of Guatimotzin.
XIV. Occurrences in New Spain, immediately subsequent to the reduction
XV. Expeditions sent by Cortes to reduce the provinces of the Mexican
XVI. Expedition of Garay to colonize Panuco.
XVII. Narrative of various expeditions for the reduction of different
provinces in New Spain.
XVIII. Negociations of Cortes at the court of Spain, respecting the
conquest and government of Mexico.
XIX. Of an expedition against the Zapotecas, and various other
XX. Narrative of the expedition of Cortes to Higueras.
XXI. Return of Cortes to Mexico, and occurrences there previous to his
departure for Europe.
XXII. Narrative of occurrences, from the departure of Cortes to Europe
till his death.
XXIII. Concluding observations by the Author.
CHAP. VI. History of the discovery and conquest of Peru, by Francisco
Pizarro; written by Augustino Zarate, treasurer of that kingdom, a few
years after the conquest.
I. Of the discovery of Peru, with some account of the country and its
II. Transactions of Pizarro and the Spaniards in Peru, from the
commencement of the conquest, till the departure of Almagro for the
discovery of Chili.
III. Occurrences from the departure of Almagro for Chili, to his capture
by Pizarro, being the first part of the civil wars in Peru.
IV. Expeditions of Pedro de Valdivia into Chili, and of Gonzalo Pizarro
to Los Canelos.
V. Conspiracy of the Almagrians and Assassination of Pizarro.
CHAP. VII. Continuation of the early history of Peru, after the death of
Francisco Pizarro, to the defeat of Gonzalo Pizarro, and the
re-establishment of tranquillity in the country; written by Augustino
I. From the revival of the civil wars in Peru, to the close of the
administration of Vaca de Castro, the first governor appointed from
II. Commencement of the Viceroyalty of Blasco Nunnez Vela, and renewal
of the civil war in Peru by the usurpation of Gonzalo Pizarro.
[Illustration: Viceroyalty of Mexico Published 1 Jan'y 1812 by W'm
A GENERAL HISTORY AND COLLECTION OF VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.
BOOK II. CONTINUED.
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HISTORY OF THE DISCOVERY AND CONQUEST OF MEXICO, WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1568,
BY CAPTAIN BERNAL DIAZ DEL CASTILLO, ONE OF THE CONQUERORS. - _Continued_.
_The Spaniards commence their March to Mexico; with an account of the War
in Tlascala, and the submission of that Nation_.
Everything being in readiness for our march to Mexico, we were advised by
our allies of Chempoalla to proceed by way of Tlascala, the inhabitants of
that province being in friendship with them and constantly at war with the
Mexicans; and at our requisition, we were joined by fifty of the principal
warriors of the Totanacas, who likewise gave us 200 _tlamama_, or men
of burden, to draw our guns and to transport our baggage and ammunition.
Our first day's march on the 16th of August 1519, was to _Xalapan_, and
our second to _Socochima_, a place of difficult approach, surrounded by
vines. During the whole of this march, the main body was kept in compact
order, being always preceded by an advance of light infantry, and patroles